Bulb Onions from Seeds

Sow indoors and transplant. Bunching onion seed like Evergreen may be direct seeded in late October to come up in early Spring (plant 1" deep). They grow best in well drained peat soils and are sensitive to spacing and will not form large bulbs if crowded. Keep well-weeded and watered. After bulbs reach desired size, cut back water for tops to fall over. Pull plants and allow to dry for a week. Cut stalk 1" above bulbs and spread to dry in the shade for another week before storing in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area. One packet = 1 g. =250 seeds sows 12'. 1 oz. = 5900-7800 seeds. CULTURE: Start indoors in flats 4 seeds per inch, 4-6 weeks before setting out. Transplant onions as they mature. Deep bed spacing 3" for bulbing. 1" for bunching onions. SEASON: Cool season. Transplant or direct sow as soon as ground can be worked in spring. MIN. SOIL TEMP: 35 degrees Fahrenheit. GERMINATION: 6-12 days. SOIL: Slightly acid pH 6.0-6.8. COMPANION PLANT: Beets, strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, chamomile, summer savory. NOT peas or beans. PESTS: NECK ROT: Keep maturing bulbs dry, cull out affected bulbs before storage. DAMPING OFF: Clean tillage & well-drained soils. THRIPS: Control perennial weeds. ONION MAGGOT: Beneficial nematodes OR diatomaceous earth.

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